Are we ready to evolve and move toward intelligent systems?
I often hear people in the industry say that there has been little in the way of technological advances for decades in the fire and security sector. It is said that we are doing pretty much the same thing we have been for years, and that innovation is coming only in small, incremental steps.
I would beg to differ. There is still much in the way of innovation, and though things may be slow to market, we have seen massive improvements in the equipment and methods available to us. In many cases, the one aspect that has slowed progress has been where innovative technologies have not been fully exploited for the possible benefits they can add.
We also seem to cling desperately to the way we have always done things. That way is portrayed not just as the right way, but often as the only way to do things. I would argue that we are rapidly approaching a point where we can look afresh at this approach and realise some truly innovative changes in system design and security systems.
Making better use of our technology
Video analytics has been steadily improving for many years and is reaching the point where facial recognition is becoming increasingly cost-effective and accurate.
As the analysis of camera footage of scenes continues to improve, I also note that motion sensors are continuing to improve their ability to detect human forms and give a reliable picture of a protected area. I see both of these technologies converging to reach essentially the same goal: an accurate understanding of who is where and when within the area being covered.
It is also unfortunate that we are frequently utilising the output of these devices only when the system is armed. This is despite the fact that we could use this data to allow an intelligent system to perform more much more effectively when the system is disarmed. This data could be used to improve marketing in commercial properties and ergonomics in residential environments, as well as to identify potential indicators of criminal behaviour.
Some examples of intelligent security systems
A massive increase in domiciliary care is not only expected but certain. By using motion sensor data intelligently, we are able to provide alerts when a lack of movement occurs or when someone has not gone to bed at an expected time.
By coupling two-way audio communication with CCTV cameras and access control systems to allow remote entry for caregivers or paramedics, we can support the elderly in a much more caring manner and more effectively. We would be using our current technologies in a better way to safeguard the elderly at all times, not just while the alarm system is armed. Gesture and voice controls could help vulnerable people get assistance without having to stand or reach for buttons.
We could also do away with the notion of arming and disarming systems with a code or key fob. Instead, we could use video/detector information to recognise when all the authorised persons have left a property and intelligently arm the system to secure the doors. Similarly, we could control lights and entertainment systems economically. For example, someone could watch footage of the football game while moving from room to room, with screens turning off and on as the person leaves one room and enters another. We can use the same principle to arm the lower floors of a building when all authorised users are upstairs. Importantly, this could be achieved without user interaction.
Regulations introduced in recent years have negated the ability of end users to interact with systems via keypads for much more than resetting or arming/disarming. Is there a real benefit to end users in having a keypad fitted in this case? Perhaps we could achieve the same with smartphone-based engineer applications and remote maintenance through dedicated applications used by installers or alarm receiving centres and notifications.
Let me know your thoughts below.
- How would you use our technologies to deliver more effective solutions?
- Could we add markets by allowing our equipment to interact seamlessly?
- What is stopping the industry from moving forward with these systems?
- If anything were possible, what security technology would you most like to see made available?
The market for wireless access control remains embryonic. Just 6% of businesses have a fully wireless system, according to an IFSEC Global survey of businesses across a wide range of sizes and sectors. In addition, 17% of premises employ a hybrid solution, a mixture of wired and wireless access systems.
This low installed base obviously represents an opportunity for manufacturers of wireless access control systems. But access control is a fiercely competitive market, with systems from 19 different manufacturers used by survey respondents, including TDSi, ASSA ABLOY and Paxton etc.
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The application of video analytics to the elderly care sector are interesting - and using good analytics to potentially replace key compenents of most current intruder alarm systems (such as keypads or motion detector sensors) is definitely exciting.
Technology for detectors is developed much. More precise sensors are available for severe environment. But integration is required to improve its utility. There are many different requirement for the systems from basic on-spot alarm to integrated industry security. And have to keep the basic ones with low cost for basic requirement applicaiton.
Yes, there certianly needs to be a variety of different solutions available for different levels of security. This week I've been working on a website (for myself, just a little fun thing) but wanted to password protect it. There's nothing sensitive in there, just needed it password protected to keep casual eyes away. I've used a really simple script to do it that anyone could crack in about 2 minutes, because it doesn't need to be high-security. That's no different with an alarm system, of course.
Intelligent systems are quite intelligent and still evolving so there is not much to be disappointed about. We have seen security technologies gone forward by leaps. However, we must bear one thing in mind that artificial intelligence which we are striving for has its limitations. The best we can do is to achieve a fully integrated system combining just about everything.
There are some biometric access control systems that detect and allow access to authorised people and restricting access to authorised people however, this access control systems are uncommon in offices and homes due to pricing and its associate cost
l agree and l think we all know the benefits of the intelligent systems but the case for cost benefits analysis is what most of these systems lack.
Exactly, Rob. It would seem like a huge waste of resources, if you ask me. It's bad all around, minus the effectivity and minus the productivity.
I think technology is moving towards more intelligent, integrated systems, something I think most security managers embrace. However, I've found that trying to integrate legacy kit proves to be very expensive (and obviously, replacing this kit isn't going to be an option). The challenge for an in-house security manager is selling these additional benefits to the business to justify the additional expenditure. As an organisation won't see the benefits (a slicker security response, increased functionality from the systems etc) as enough to warrant additional costs.
@ holmesd It would be easier to demonstrate the value of the products and services we supply if we took full advantage of their capabilities. This includes novel solutions for which we currently are not utilising this equipment but where value can be leveraged without substantial investment. We effectively need to add a back-end processing layer to existing systems or even in the cloud, so as to allow a more cost effective way of overcoming the cost you correctly highlight of integrating legacy systems on a one by one basis. Note that some automation platform developers are working on this currently which is a positive sign. Now just imagine if we all pooled our efforts to work collaboratively upon an open source solution for such integrations and instead derived value from the services then unlocked?
@ gbrown Are we really seeing all of the benefits of our systems though? The cost benefits are difficult to balance when we are only taking advantage of 30% of the capabilities of our products. We must find solutions so that we are more efficient. Once we fully utilise the capabilities of our equipment the cost benefits become obvious and cannot be ignored.
@Joe Harris l agree and hopefully we will find a way of utilizing our system capabilities in more effective and efficient manner
So what happens to that old kit? It sits there doing an OK (at best) job, not integrated into other systems at all? Sounds costly in and of itself, but as you say it's not always easy to prove the benefits.
I'd love to see an open source integration solution for the overall benefit of the industry. Is that likely though?
I agree@RobI think we are not there yet to integrate all our systems but I am hopeful we will get there very soon. I think we are being careful due to the systems failures we have witnessed in the implementation of National Identity Card, NHS systems integration and currently the Universal Credit Scheme
@ Joe Harris, that is the point actually which is constantly being overlooked. Why should we be talking about cost effectiveness when we don't utilize more than 10 to 30 % of the capabilities of what we have paid for? It is the general disinterest in features not directly needed by us which keeps the system from being fully utilized.
How can we reach a point where we're begninning to tap into the unrealised capabilities of our systems, do you think?