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October 31, 2023

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Construction company fined £240,000 after residents put at risk during cladding removal

Combustible material exposed where scaffold is attached to the building. Credit: Health and Safety Executive (HSE)

A health and safety inspector discovered cladding that posed a serious fire risk lying on residents’ balconies at a Liverpool apartment block, resulting in a fine of £240,000 for the construction company found to be at fault. 

The combustible cladding was similar to that used on Grenfell Tower when the 2017 disaster occurred.

Green Facades Limited had been contracted to remove the potentially dangerous aluminium composite panels and combustible insulation material from The Circle, an eight-storey building on Henry Street in Liverpool.

When an inspector from the Health and Safety Executive (HSE) first visited the site on 10 January 2022, the inspection revealed that, in preparation for the removal work, combustible material had been left exposed and there were inadequate means of escaping from the scaffold which was being erected.

The situation had worsened when the inspector returned a few days later, on 21 January 2022.

Further combustible material had been exposed with no protection from potential sources of ignition, and combustible cladding material was found lying on residents’ balconies. As the building remained occupied during the works, the inspector alerted Merseyside Fire and Rescue Service who took their own enforcement action.

“Failed to take appropriate precautions” 

Green Facades Limited had been subject to earlier enforcement for similar breaches during cladding removal at a site in London.

Exposed combustible material on exterior of the building. Credit: Health and Safety Executive (HSE)

At that time the company was provided with advice on sustainable compliance with the regulations.

The HSE found that Green Facades Limited, had failed to take appropriate precautions to address the risk of fire and to ensure the safety of residents,

workers, and others. It had also failed to take account of published guidance on the safe removal of cladding following the previous issue in London.

The company pleaded guilty to breaching regulations 11(1) and 13(1) of the Construction (Design and Management) Regulations 2015. At Liverpool Magistrates’ Court the company was fined £240,000 and ordered to pay costs of £5,405.


Further reading: Newham Council first local authority to prosecute for cladding removal delay


After the hearing HSE Inspector Jackie Western said: “The disturbing irony of this case is that work to protect residents from fire risk ended up making the situation more dangerous.

“This prosecution highlights the need for responsible management of the removal of cladding. The potentially tragic consequences of fire involving this type of material are well known following the Grenfell Tower fire.

“Despite earlier interventions and advice from HSE, and the availability of a wealth of guidance from HSE and others, this company continued to fail in its duty to address the risk of fire, putting people’s lives at risk.”

This story was first published on our sister site for health and safety news, SHP. 

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