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April 19, 2022


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£40k fine for Bedford office block landlord for “multiple breaches of the Fire Safety Order”

After multiple and repeated breaches of the Fire Safety Order, a landlord and responsible person for an office block in Bedford have been fined £40,000.

The owner of Broadway House, Mrs J Lusty, and the Responsible Person, Mr D Lusty, were given a Notice of Deficiencies letter in June 2019, after an audit under Bedfordshire Fire and Rescue Service’s (BFRS) Risk Based Inspection Programme (under the Regulatory Reform (Fire Safety) Order 2005). They were given two months’ notice to rectify the issues.

Follow-up inspections in October 2019 and February 2020 revealed that no action had been taken, and an Enforcement Notice was served on Mrs J Lusty as the owner.

The Enforcement Notice stated the following:

  • The Fire Risk Assessment had not been reviewed since December 2015.
  • The external fire escape was in a poor state of repair with steps missing.
  • Numerous fire resisting doors within the building were in a poor statement of repair.
  • The fire alarm system was inadequate for the risk.
  • There was inadequate fire exit signs and fire action notices.
  • There was no evidence that the firefighting equipment, fire alarm, and emergency lighting systems had been maintained.

The owner was given a further three months to address the issues. A follow-up inspection showed that while new firefighting equipment had been provided, all other actions detailed in the notice had not been addressed. These failings in fire safety measures placed one or more persons at risk of serious injury or death should a fire occur, and prosecution proceedings were instigated.

Mr D Lusty appeared at Luton Magistrates court on 21 January 2022, charged with four offences of the Fire Safety Order:

  • The fire risk assessment had not been reviewed since December 2015, and as such did not assess the risks to which relevant persons were exposed to.
  • The fire warning system was inadequate for the premises, and as such persons within the building would not receive a timely warning should a fire occur.
  • The external fire escape was in a poor state of repair with broken and missing treads that could result in injury to those having to use it.
  • A number of fire doors were in a poor state of repair, with broken and missing locks and gaps in the doors that would allow the passage of smoke and flames, affecting the ability of the occupants to escape should a fire occur.

Mr Lusty pleaded guilty to all offences, and sentencing took place on 18 March 2022. The Magistrate stated that there was a history of non-compliance going back to 2015, and that the failure to provide adequate fire safety measures was a serious offence. A fine of £10,000 for each of the four offences was levied, totalling £40,000. Full costs were also awarded to Bedfordshire Fire and Rescue Service, equating to a further £10,525.

Chief Fire Officer, Andrew Hopkinson said: “This prosecution sends out a clear message to landlords that if you do not comply with the required fire safety regulations then we are prepared to take enforcement action to keep people safe.

“This individual didn’t comply with the law and left their tenants at serious risk by affecting the ability of the occupants to safely escape should a fire occur. It is our role at Beds Fire to ensure that our communities are safe, we will look to provide support and advice where required, but if people are put at risk, then we will not hesitate in taking further action. Several serious offences were committed by the landlord and the Magistrate recognised this in his judgement and in the level of fines imposed.”

This story was originally published by the Fire Protection Association (FPA).

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